【备考】职称英语词汇:常用前/后缀
 表示时间的前缀:  1.fore-:before 前、预先  forecast v.& n.预测;预示  例句:  Such events may forecast an outbreak of war.  这些事件可能预示着战争的爆发。  foretell v.预言;预告  例句:  We can't foretell how the world will end.  我们不能预言世界将如何终结。  foreground n.前景  例句:  The figure in the foreground is the artist's mother.  图画前景中的人是画家的母亲。  foresee vt.预见;预知  例句:  It is difficult to foresee the consequences that may arise from this action.  预见这一行动可能产生的后果是困难的。  2.pre-:before 之前  prehistory n.史前  例句:  In the long period,the researches of prehistory are abundant.  在漫长的时间长河中,对于史前文明的研究可谓浩瀚如星海。  prerequisite n.先决条件;  例句:  Good self-esteem is a prerequisite for a happy life.  良好的自尊心是幸福生活的先决条件。  prelude n.序言前奏曲;序幕  例句:  The rural reform has opened the prelude of China's reform and opening-up.  农村改革揭开了中国改革开放的序幕。  3.pro-:预先的  prologue n.序言,序幕;  例句:  The prologue of the book is a famous writer.  这本书的序言是由一个著名作家写的。  prophet n.先知,预言家  E.g.He holds the belief that he is a latter-day prophet.  他深信自己是当代先知。  4.post-:after 之后  postwar n.战后  例句:  During the postwar years in Germany,many honors were heaped upon Einstein.  在战后的岁月里,爱因斯坦在德国得到了种种荣誉。  postgraduate n.研究生  例句:  She has satisfied the entrance requirements for a postgraduate.  她符合研究生入学条件。  5.retro-:back往后的  retrograde adj.倒退的  例句:  This is,as far as we're concerned,a real retrograde step for human rights.  对我们而言,这是在人权问题上真正倒退的一步。  retrospect v.& n.回顾  例句:  It was,in retrospect,the happiest day of her life.  回想起来,那是她一生幸福的日子。  常用名词后缀:  1.-an:  electrician n.电工;电气技师  例句:  The electrician took the houselights down.  电工将剧场中观众席上的灯光减弱了一点。  physician n.[医] 医师,内科医师  例句:  He prefers to be a surgeon rather than a physician.  他喜欢当外科医生而不愿作内科医生。  2.-ant,-ent:  applicant n.申请人  例句:  The job applicant must have good verbal skills.  应聘这份工作的人必须具有良好的语言表达技能。  correspondent n.通信者  例句:The newspaper has a foreign correspondent.  这家报纸有个外国通讯记者。  3.-ard:  coward n.懦夫,懦弱的人  例句:  She accused her husband of being a coward.  她指责自己的丈夫是个胆小鬼。  drunkard n.酒鬼,醉汉  例句:  That drunkard flung out the empty bottle.  那个醉汉把空瓶扔了出来。  4.-ee:  employee n.雇员  例句:  The boss dismissed that employee.  老板解雇了那个雇员。  examinee n.应试者  例句:  It required that every examinee put down his/her name on the answer sheet.  要求所有考生都把自己的姓名写在答题纸上。  5.-eer:  pioneer n.开拓者,先锋  例句:  Li Dazhao was a pioneer of the Chinese revolution.  李大钊是中国革命的先驱。  volunteer n.志愿者  例句:  She now helps in a local school as a volunteer three days a week.  她现在作为一名志愿者每周三天在当地一所学校帮忙。  6.-er,-or:  manufacturer n.制造商  例句:  All the goods are labelled with the address of the manufacturer.  所有商品均标明了生产厂家的地址。  survivor n.幸存者  例句:  Officials said there were no survivors of the plane crash.  官方说这次飞机失事无一人生还。  7.-ese:  Chin(a) + ese→Chinese n.中国人;汉语  例句:  Remember you are a Chinese wherever you go.  不论你到哪里,记住你是中国人。  Japan + ese→Japanese n.日本人;日语  例句:  Not only did he speak English well,but he spoke Japanese more easily.  他不但英语说得好,就连日语也讲得轻松自如。  8.-(r)ess:  host+ ess→hostess n.女主人  例句:  The hostess gave us a cordial greeting.  女主人热忱地欢迎我们。  act+ ress→actress n.女演员  例句:  The famous actress is now appearing at the Capital Theatre.  目前这位著名女演员正在首都剧场演出。  9.-ian:  logic+ ian→logician n.逻辑学家  例句:  As the founder of pragmatism,firstly and mostly Peirce was a logician.  作为实用主义的鼻祖,皮尔士首先和主要是一位逻辑学家。  mathematic+ ian→mathematician n.数学家  例句:  Einstein is identified with a higher mathematician.  爱因斯坦被列为高等数学家。  10.-ist:  drama+ (t)ist→dramatist n.剧作家  例句:  Shakespeare is,by common consent,the greatest English dramatist.  莎士比亚被公认是英国伟大的剧作家。  dent+ ist→dentist n.牙科医生  例句:  The dentist told the boy not to eat too many sweets.  牙医告诫这男孩不要吃太多糖果。  11.-ster:  young+ ster→youngster n.年轻人  例句:  That youngster works with a will.  这小伙子干活有股傻劲儿。  gang+ ster→gangster n.歹徒  例句:  The police are hard on the track of the gangster.  警察正在追踪那名匪徒。
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英语培训
职称英语培训